Security Guidance

Security Guidance

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House Burglary

We at M.P. police have concern for your safety and security. Given below are some suggestions that we feel will help in addressing the concern for security from Crime and thefts.

How do you feel when you return to your home and find your house burgled? You feel outraged, violated and vulnerable. You feel that there is no safety in this place and you curse your luck and system prevailing. You call police and complain to them and if they are not able to find your stolen property then you feel frustrated.

It is a common thing that some time entire family has to go out after locking the house. So when you are out the fear of burglary is always lurking in your mind. Now the question is whether burglary can be prevented?

Burglary is a non-confrontational crime. The burglars enter in the house when no body is there. But this crime makes us totally insecure and unsafe. We may lose the earnings of our entire life. We may lose the valuable ornaments and other precious materials in the house which the family had been collecting and storing for years together.

In order to prevent burglary it is important to understand who commits this crime? When it happens? Why it happens?

Burglaries are committed generally by the young males looking for things, which are small, expensive, and can easily be converted into ready cash. Jewellery, camera, VCR, television, radio, cash, watches, guns, small electronic items are high on the burglar’s list. Most of the burglary takes place in the houses where inmates are absent temporarily. It may happen during the daytime as well as during the nighttimes. In cities where both the spouses are working and children go to school are in the high risk of burglary.

It is often found that before committing the burglary the burglar selects a house that is unoccupied with easiest access, the greatest amount of cover, with best possible escape routes.

What you have to do is to make your house so difficult for the potential burglars so that the burglar cannot imagine entering in your house. So follow the following tips to prevent house burglary.

  • Keep your doors locked and windows covered even in daytime.
  • Properly check whether the doors and windows of your house are closed and locked when you are going out.
  • Fix grills on windows and glass paneled doors.
  • Keep side doors pad locked and main door bolted.
  • Use slam-shut locks instead of pad locks.
  • Install magic eye and safety chains on doors. Look through the magic eye and ensure the door chain is secure, before opening the door to a stranger.
  • Leave a light burning when you go out of town.
  • Inform your neighbors about your absence from your home for a long or short period.
  • Insure all valuable properties like VCR, TV etc.
  • Mark valuables with an identification number like your Ration Card, Passport or Driving license number.
  • Provide lights on the exit points of your house.
  • Install an alarm system and learn how to use it.
  • Monitor your alarm system and arrange for guard response.
  • Show away ladders and tools.
  • Make your home appear lived in.
  • Don't keep huge amount of cash and ornaments in the house.
  • Use Bank lockers.
  • Don't keep the keys of the receptacles in which the valuables are kept in the keyhole or nearby places.
  • Don't sleep near an open window during the night. A burglar could snatch the ornaments from you.
  • Keep your bedroom locked from inside.
  • Don't disturb the scene, if you notice theft in your house, wait for the arrival of police otherwise it will lead to tampering of evidence like fingerprints, footprints etc.
  • Don't allow any stranger to enter your house, when you are alone without finding out his identity.
  • Beware of persons coming to your house under the pretext of repairing/selling things, conducting meter readings etc.
  • Don't wear heavy ornaments while traveling alone.
  • Don't open your bag-containing valuable like cash and ornaments, while traveling in public places.
  • Don't go alone with cash and Jewellery during the nighttimes.
  • Do not record a message on answering machine telling people you are on holiday or away

Steps for Personal Safety

  • Always stop and think about the risk.
  • Always identify a visitor before opening the door.
  • Never allow young children to open the door to visitors.
  • Always ask representatives to provide identification.
  • Avoid walking alone at night.
  • Walk in busy well lit roads, towards traffic.

Beware Of Unverified Servants in Your House

  • Get your domestic help's antecedents verified.
  • Give his/her photograph as well as address to the nearest Police Station for verification.
  • Get his/her background verified from previous employer.
  • Avoid giving access to his relatives and friends.
  • Avoid displaying jewellery and valuables in the house.

Vehicle Theft
Prevention Tips

  • Don’t keep vehicles in your house compound without locking.
  • Two wheelers should be kept in the safe places after tying with a chain and lock.
  • When you park your vehicle in the parking area, ask somebody to keep an eye over it.
  • Never leave the vehicle door unlocked. Nor the windows partially open. Make sure that quarter glasses are properly secured.
  • Never leave the key dangling in the ignition.
  • Double-check all doors (including the boot) to ensure that they are properly secured.
  • Etch registration number of your car on the rear & front window screens and windowpanes.
  • Do not leave valuables in your car even if it is locked.
  • Cut down on extra fittings, as these tempt prospective thieves.
  • Install a car alarm.
  • Never leave important documents in the glove box or boot.
  • Never identify your key ring with your name.
  • Do not offer a lift to anyone you do not know.
  • If someone needs assistance, stop some distance away and communicate through locked doors and partially opened window. Always stay in the car with the engine running. Tell them you will send help.

Problems in investigation of Motor Vehicle Theft and their Solution

Automobile thefts constitute the single largest chunk of cases under specified categories. Their percentage in comparison to other cases of theft is increasing every year. While in 1989 they accounted for only 4.7 percent of all theft cases, in 1998 their number nearly tripled to a high of 12 percentage of all cases.

In terms of property value, the situation is even more alarming. The values of stolen motor vehicles in 1998 constituted 20.6 percent of the value of all property stolen in the year. Thus, a control over this crime will contribute in generating a sense of well being among citizens.

The problem of automobiles theft is compounded further by certain malpractices and faulty procedures being followed by the police. On many occasions the victim's inability to furnish the correct particulars also result in tardy investigation.

  • Non-registration: Victims report to police station but the police does not register a theft case. Instead they:
    • Make a GD entry to the effect that an incident of lost/missing vehicle was reported
    • Make no entry at all but put a rubber stamp of the police station with date on the petition of the victim to satisfy him that action has been taken
    • Tell the victim that registration of the case is not required and launch an unofficial 'search' in probable places. With the passage of time the search is' dropped'.
    • Assure the victim that when insurance claim is lodged, a favorable endorsement will be made to the effect that the vehicle was actually stolen but could not be found. With this assurance the victim is sent back.
  • Clubbing of cases: Quite often the police register theft cases by clubbing more than one unconnected thefts in a single case. This is done to reduce the incidence of crime registration.
  • Absence of vital information in FIR: The police register a case but fail to record to record the full particulars of the vehicle. Sometimes even owners fail to furnish the particulars. This is specially so in thefts in which the registration documents were kept in the vehicle itself and no photocopies were maintained separately. sometimes owners guilty of not paying taxes or insurance premium also do not come out with full information. since the objective of the victim is only to get back some insurance amount, which they will get if the police fail to trace the vehicle in reasonable time and file a final report, non-disclosure of information suits the victim. It also suits the police (in short run) as they avoid much paper work. In absence of vehicle details they feel justified in a quick Final Report.
  • Incorrect Particulars: The police fail to record correct particulars, specially the engine and chassis number of the vehicle. There are instances in which even the make and model of the stolen vehicle are not recorded correctly. Thus, while records show loss of a Bajaj scooter, the vehicle actually stolen might be LML. Many theft investigation failures can be attributed to perfunctory investigation and inability of Investigation Officers to devote time to the serious investigation. Investigation Officers are not conversant with the series of engine or chassis number that go with a particular brand of vehicle and when these figures are wrongly recorded it is not possible to obtain computer match resulting in failure of investigation.
  • Lack of co- ordination with the police department: Once the theft case is registered and search carried on for a few days( or for few hours in big cities) the case is given a decent burial by filing a F.R. After this ritual is over, there is no further lookout for the stolen vehicle. Later on even if such a vehicle is traced, no effort is made to link it to the previous theft case. During a drive launched by the National Crime Records Bureau a total of 30 out of 153 vehicles which were lying unclaimed in different police stations of District B were matched with the lost vehicle of a neighboring after a few years ( when the old staff is transferred) it will not be matched with the vehicle registered and the stolen from the same station.
  • For the problem to be effectively solved efforts are called for at the Beat Constable level itself. Appearance of any new vehicle in the area should be enquired into. A regular dealer in stolen vehicles will stand out in any locality provided the Beat Constable has good report with the local inhabitants. Generally, the selling is done at a place away from the crime scene. Therefore, sale of stolen vehicles will have to be looked into independently irrespective of whether a vehicle theft has been reported in the area or not. Any vehicle found abandoned in the bare area should be subject to inquiry. Chances are many of these will be found to be linked to theft.

Some tips for investigators and complainants

Following information should be correctly exchanged between the investigator and the complainants:

  • Engine No.
  • Chassis No.
  • Make
  • Model
  • Year of Purchase
  • Color
  • Registration No.
  • What was the condition of tyre?
  • How much fuel was in the vehicle?
  • What were the accessories fitted to the vehicle?
  • Any unique identification mark should be noted.
  • Whether AC was fitted.
  • Was any modification done recently? If so from which garage (address of garage to be noted)?
  • Whether he vehicle had met with any accident recently? If so when and where was the vehicle repaired?
  • If so, when and where was the vehicle repaired?
  • Was the vehicle being washed/ cleaned by the community watchman?
  • Did the vehicle have a duplicate key? Whether the vehicle keys were given to any parking attendant recently. If so, where? Was the vehicle fitted with safety equipment? Did it fail or was it kept inoperative?
  • Degree of expertise needed to break the particular security measure.
  • Have there been similar thefts in the neighborhood and whether they have been reported to the police.
  • Have there been similar thefts in the neighborhood and whether they have been reported to the police.
  • If so, whether the modus operandi in this case has been the same ? Has a previous attempt been made to steal the vehicle? If so, whether time of attempt is identical.
  • Give/Confirm the vehicle particulars form the copy of documents with owner. If they are available, do not rely on the memory of victim or a hand written copy. Look for photocopy of original.

Do’s and Don’ts

At Residence & Office

  • Secure perimeter of the house/office.
  • Trim bushes and trees around as these could block the view towards outside.
  • As far as possible, use only one door and lock the rest from inside. However always provide for an escape door.
  • Keep important telephone numbers of the nearest police stations, police control room, known police officers and helpful neighbors handy near the telephone.
  • Visitors in the office must always be escorted by the security staff who should remain present until greetings have been exchanged.
  • Encourage your friends to telephone prior to an intended visit. This reduces the number of unexpected callers to the minimum.
  • Keep a watch dog at the residence.
  • Open the front door only after checking the identity of the visitor through a peeping eye.
  • Check all the doors and windows every night before retiring to ensure that they are properly locked/bolted from inside.
  • Keep a light burning in the front door area during the hours of darkness.
  • Keep a strict check on the house/office keys.
    If the key is lost, have a new lock fitted.
  • Inform the police of the presence of suspicious vehicles or persons near the house or office.
  • Know your neighbors well enough so that normally you can watch each others houses.
  • Do not accept invitations on telephone to visit a place/person unless the identity of the caller is fully established.
  • Do not encourage servants bring their friends, relatives into the premises.
  • Ask the members of the household including servants / office staff not to disclose the whereabouts of the protected person and his future appointments to unidentified callers.
  • Treat late callers with suspicion and refuse admittance unless he/she is known to you.
  • Inform police at once in the event of any visitor attempting forcible entry.
  • Be on the alert for signs of any surveillance since terrorists generally keeps a watch on potential victims for some time before striking.

While Traveling

  • Always be alert while leaving the gate of your house or returning to the house this applies to entry and exit from the office complex as well. Keep your car doors locked while traveling/when parked in the garage.
  • If no garage is available, leave your car at a Place where it can be seen by everyone.
  • Vary your time of departure and change your route frequently Use alternative routes occasionally though this may involve increase in commuting time. If you have a choice of vehicles, do not make full use of them.
  • Occasionally, sit beside the driver in the front seat.
  • Travel in a group to the extent possible.
  • If you think you are being followed, take a known detour and if you are still suspicious, head for the nearest police station.
  • Avoid narrow lonely dark streets and keep to the well -lit main routes especially those that pass by police posts.
  • Beware of accident scenes or broken down vehicles they may be a decoy.
  • If something unusual appears to be taking place on the road ahead, stop and turn before it is too late.
  • Give details of your intended movements to only those who need to know.
  • Ensure that someone in your family knows your whereabouts.
  • While moving in a car, open the windows only enough for ventilation.
  • Have your driver thoroughly briefed to be security conscious. Let him get training in offensive and defensive driving.
  • See that your car is not very showy.
  • While traveling by train, enter into a compartment, which is already occupied. Do not travel in a empty compartment.
  • Extend all cooperation to personal security officers in carrying out their legitimate duties.
    Always take along security personnel including PSOs wherever provided during all journeys morning/evening walks.
  • Observe carefully what is happening outside the house/office any unusual happening should be viewed with suspicion.
  • Observe people around you wherever you are and try to remember their features.
  • Sometimes it reflects if these very people had met you or were near you sometimes somewhere.
  • In case a taxi has to be engaged, avoid hiring the first one in the line or the one, which seems to be waiting. Do not give any specific instruction to the driver about the route/destination before commencement of the journey.

Safety begins at home

  • Install an outside light above the front door so that you can see callers clearly after dark.
  • Use a door viewer and ask the caller's name every time you answer the door, do not open the door until
  • you are sure who is there and that you want to see him or her.
  • If the caller if a stranger, always use a door chain or limiter when you open the door.
  • If the caller claims to be an official public service employee, postman, or even the police open the door with the chain in place and ask for proof of identity. Take your time examining any document and satisfy yourself that it is genuine.
  • If you are in any doubt, ask the person either to wait or to come back later so that you can ring the company he or she claims to represent for verification.
  • If the caller is abusive or in any way suspect ring 100 or 299/ 999 immediately and inform the police. Give the most detailed description of the caller that you can.
  • If a stranger asks to use your telephone in an emergency, offer to make the call yourself wile he waits out side.
  • If you think that some one is tying to break into your home at any time, ring the police.
  • Do not place advertisements in the newspaper or local shop window that would result in people calling at your, home when you might be there alone.
  • If you are trying to sell or rent your home, do not show prospective buyers or tenants around on your own.
  • Insist that an estate agents representative accompanies them or ask a friend or neighbor to join you.
  • Have your door keys out and ready to use. Have a light on outside when you return home after dark.
  • Keep garden plants trimmed so that they cannot conceal an intruder. As you approach your door have a good look in all directions before putting your key in he lock. Let yourself in promptly and lock the door behind you.
  • If there are signs of intrusion, do not go in.
  • Never hide keys outside.
  • Avoid lending keys to workmen.
  • Do not leave spare keys with the building porter unless you want to, you are not obligated to do so.
  • Replace the locks immediately if the keys to your home are lost or stolen.
  • If you habitually lock yourself out, keep a spare, unmarked set of keys in a safe place at work with a trusted neighbor.

Be Aware of following, while on Railway Journey

  • Loot and Dacoity
  • Platform or Railway Station
  • Railway Colony
  • Running Train
  • After Chain Pulling

Chain Snatching

  • On Platforms or Railway Station premises
  • Railway Colony
  • Inside running Train
  • After Chain Pulling outside the train

Poisoning In

  • Prasad
  • Tea
  • Aerated Drinks
  • Water
  • Biscuits
  • Ice-cream
  • Other drinks
  • Throwing spays of gas

Pick Pocketing

  • On Platforms, Railway Station premises or waiting rooms
  • Running trains (while getting down)
  • In any other way

Suitcase Theft

  • On Platforms or station premises or waiting rooms
  • Running train
  • Standing trains
  • By cutting chains
  • By breaking lock
  • Through paper gangs by distracting the passengers
  • By becoming a co passenger
  • Any other way
  • In AC coach

Ladies Bags Theft

  • On Platforms or station premises or waiting rooms
  • Running train
  • Any other way

Thefts by Other Ways lik

  • Cycle thefts
  • Motorcycle thefts
  • Telephone wires
  • Transformer thefts