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FSL Sagar
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Organizational Structure
State Forensic Science Laboratories M.P.
The word meaning of “Forensic” is “Pertaining to Courts of Law”. When the word Science is suffixed to it, it becomes. “Science Applied for Enforcement of Law.” The main function of Forensic Science in the Police work is to examine, interpret and give reports on the clues left over or taken over by the Criminals from the Scene of Crime. It is Scientific Aid to the Criminal Investigation of Police.

Forensic Science Laboratories work under the CID PHQ Bhopal. The Director FSL Sagar is the Head of laboratories. The sanctioned strength of the Technical & Admin. Staff of the laboratory services is as under:

Director-1, Senior Joint Director-2, Joint Director-9, Senior Scientist Officer-62, Scientific Officer-133, Administrative Officer-1, Lab. Technicians-39, Lab. Assistants-38, Lab. Attendants-39. S.I. Photographer-1, A.S.I. Armourer-1, Steno-3, H.Clerk-1, Acctt.-1, UDC-4, LDC-6, Head Const.-1, Const.-9, Driver-1. out of the above staff, posts of 38-SSO, 76-SO, 38-LA, 24-LDC, 24,-Peon & 38 Driver are sanctioned for the Distt. Scene of Crime Units.
The Forensic Science Laboratory extends two types to services to Police

  • Examination and reporting on physical clues found on the Scene of Crime, the culprit and the victim - for this examination Forensic Science Laboratory at Sagar & Two Regional Forensic Laboratories at Indore & Gwalior are established.
  • Visits to Scene of Crime, search , collect clues, reconstruct the Scene of occurrences and advice the Police Investigation Officer to refer the related physical clues to concerning laboratories for examination - For these services District Scene of Crime Units under the control of respective Superintendent of Police are available.

Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar
The forensic examination is M.P. Police work dates back to 1958 when a Scientific section was set up in the C.I.D. at Bhopal. Later on it was shifted to Sagar in 1964. Since then it started as an independent Forensic Laboratory at Sagar with facilities for examination of crime exhibits related to Forensic Physics, Ballistics, Biology and Chemistry. In July 1977, the Laboratory acquired its own building and the analytical examination pertaining to poisons in viscera also started. The changes in the nature of crime, its extent and ingenuity has brought-up new cells for the examination of Explosive residues, Narcotics, Documents, Serology. The training cell looks after the need of HRD.
Forensic Science Laboratory, Civil Lines, Sagar, Pin - 470001
Telephone No. 07582 - 22307(Director) 07582-23291(Office)
E-mail-: fslmp@vsnl.com
Analytical Examination:
The exhibits examination work of Forensic Science Laboratory at Sagar is divided in 6 divisions under the discipline of Physics, Chemistry & Biology. In addition to it a training cell is also working.
PHYSICS  Physics with Photography section & Document cell.
Ballistics with Explosive cell. 
CHEMISTRY  Chemistry with Excise & Narcotics wing.
BIOLOGY  Biology
Training Cell
The joint Director, is the head of each division and is supported by Senior Scientific Officer, Scientific Officer, Lab. Technician, Lab. Assistant, Lab. Attendant for examination of cases. The work under taken in each division is shown as under:
  • Tooal marks, Telegraph copper wire, electrical wires etc. to ascertain their correspondence to tools and wires of respective scenes of crime.
  • Mechanical fit of metallic pieces, glass pieces, fabric etc. to know the origin, nature, composition and causation factors.
  • Restoration of obliterated/erased/filled writing and numbers on various metallic surfaces.
  • Tyre, Foot-wear and foot prints for identification and matching.
  • Paints, soil, dirt/dust, glass, metal, to know the origin, nature and composition.
  • Trace elemental analysis by modern instrumental methods.
  • Spurious articles to establish infringement of Trade Mark Act.
  • Matching of skull with photograph.
Photography Section:
  • To take macro & micro photographs of exhibits of various divisions of the laboratory and prepare prints for presentation in courts.
  • To assist experts at scene of crime for photography work.
  • To conduct video-graphy as and when required in the laboratory and at the scene of crime.
  • Prepare slides, transparencies and other projection material for audio-visual presentation.
  • Color photography and processing.
  • Documentation - microfilming - lamination.
  • To photograph the exhibits in infra-red, ultra-violet, X-ray.
  • To assist in skull-photo super imposition examination.
Document Cell:
  • Document examination pertaining to alteration, addition, obliteration, erasures, seal marks comparisons, paper, ink, typed & printed matter.
  • Forged lottery tickets, journey tickets, stamp papers, cheques, drafts etc. for their genuineness. Note:
The work relating to document examination shown in point 1 & 2 is also undertaking by the Laboratory of State Questioned Document Examiner, Bhopal.
  • Examination of fire arms, cartridges, bullets, cases, pallets, wads, burnt and unburnt powder grains. To ascertain their caliber, make, model, type and to a establish link to the fire arms and crime.
  • Problems pertaining to Arms Act.
  • Reconstruction of crime scene pertaining to fire arms.
Explosive Cell:
  • Examination of only exploded residues and cause of explosion. The live explosive are neither handled nor examined in this laboratory.
  • To determine qualitative and quantitative composition of Chemical powders, dyes, organic and inorganic substances.
  • Presence of inflammable fluids in burnt residues of arson and fire cases.
  • Adulteration in edible oils, petroleum products, cement, clay plastics, rubber and other material to ascertain its presence, purity, genuineness etc.
  • Cases pertaining to traps referred by special police establishment of office of the Lokayukta.
Excise & Narcotics wing:
  • Estimation of alcohol in factory / country made liquors.
  • Identification of Opium, Cocaine, Ganja, Bhang, and allied products.
  • Identification of Heroin, LSD, Brown Sugar and other narcotic drugs and Psycho-active substances.
  • Estimation of human and animal viscera for presence of poisons of vegetable, pesticides & insecticides, inorganic, alcohol, drugs and alkaloids origin.
  • Examination of vomit, blood, urine, stomach, wash, food, tablets powders, syringes, needles and other substances seized at crime scene for determination of poison.
Biology / Serology:
  • Blood stains, seminal stains and other body fluids, e.g., saliva, sweat, urine, milk etc. to ascertain their origin and to establish their blood group. Serological examination of blood stains and other biological stains of human and animal hairs.
  • Morphological examination of human and animal hairs.
  • Plant & vegetable material e.g., seeds, leaf, bark, wood, flower, etc.
  • Identification of minute vegetables forms such as micro organism, algae, fungi, moulds, etc.
Training Cell:
  • Arranges training programmes for new entrants to the scientific cadre and acquaint them with the working of Forensic Science Laboratory.
  • Conducts selection and training of M.P. Police team for All Indian Police Duty Meet.
  • Co-ordinates with Police Academy for conducting training of police personnel in Forensic Science.
  • Also arranges special lecturers to Judicial Officers, Students of Criminology and Forensic Science and Officers of other Govt. Departments.
Functions of Laboratory:
  • The cases with articles are sent by Supdts. of Police of the Districts or equivalent designated officers of other branches of Police with the written requisition for examination which is entered in the same order. However important cases on special requests are given priority. The reports of examined cases are sent to the senders. At the time of trial in courts, the related examiner of the case visits the concerning court on summons for presentation of his report.
  • A fee of Rs. 100/- per case is charged, for the cases referred by other than Police Departments, which is likely to be enhanced.
  • "Species identification and blood grouping." of blood, semen, saliva etc. is carried out in the Laboratory. The cases which remain unexamined due to shortage of staff and space at FSL Sagar, are referred to the Serologist, to the Government of India, Calcutta.
  • The Director, FSL on requisition from appropriate authority makes available the services of special experts of concerning divison of FSL to visit the scenes of crime.
  • The Director, FSL, Sagar submits monthly & annual administrative reports of the laboratories to A.D.G., C.I.D., P.H.Q. Bhopal.
Regional Forensic Science Laboratories Indore & Gwalior:
The Regional Forensic Science Labs at Raipur, Indore & Gwalior were established in 1992. These Regional Laboratories have also acquired their own buildings. Since the bifurcation of Chaatisgarh, Madhya Pradesh is left with only two Regional Labs. at Indore and Gwalior. These labs are conducting examination of cases related to Biology and Chemistry. The work of Indore RFSL pertains to Districts of Indore and Ujjain ranges and the Gwalior Laboratory examines cases of districts of Bhopal and Gwalior ranges. Four working divisons i.e. Biology, Chemistry, Physics & Toxicology are to be developed in these Labs.

The work of remaining Districts of Madhya Pradesh is done in FSL Sagar:

Address of RFSLs:
RFSL, Indore:
Regional Forensic Science Laboratory,
Near Mittal cold storage, Village. Rau,
Indore (M.P.)
Telephone: No telephone facility 
RFSL, Gwalior:
Regional Forensic Science Laboratory,
Near Nav Bharat Press, City Centre,
Gwalior (M.P.)
Telephone: No telephone facility 
District Scene of crime units:
  • The scene of crime is a treasure of clues through which investigating officers can assess the type of crime, the suspects & criminals and can reach to the culprits. Its examination on scientific lines at the earliest helps in sorting out the innocence and the guilt. With this vies the scene of crime units at divisional level were introduced in the year 1980 to assist the criminal investigation. Scene of crime units with staff & vehicle for 38 districts were sanctioned in 1983. The units started functioning at districts level in 1985.
  • The district scene of crime unit functions under the control of Supdt. of police and the Senior Scientific Officer/ Scientific Officer is in-charge of the office of scene of crime unit in the district. Their offices are accessible through District S.P. Office or Distt. Control Room.
  • The scene of crime is equipped with field test kit, foot prints and tool-marks casting kit, finger print, developing kit, necessary lighting equipment photographic camera, portable ultra violet light, measuring instruments etc.
Functions of the Districts Scene of Crime Units:
  • SSO/ SO of the unit proceeds on crime scene, on call from police stations or as per direction of the S.P., as and when required.
  • The scientist on visits to the scene of crime searches, locates the physical clues, records these and other observations relating to scene of crime.
  • At the spot directs I.O. to collect the relevant physical clues from suspect/victim and othe places as the case demands and advise him regarding forwarding to the relevant agencies for the purpose of analytical examination.
  • In such cases where he feels he is unable to handle the case or feels the services of relevant expert is required, advises the I.O. to call for the services of concerning experts from FSL/RFSL or from other relevant institution.
  • I/C of the unit prepares reports of the visited scene of crime and their monthly report and sends a copy each to, Supdt. of police of the districts and to Director, FSL, Sagar.
  • I/C of the unit arranges awareness lecturers/training programmes about the importance of Forensic Science and physical clues in the course of criminal investigation for police personnel posted in districts.
 PCR Bhopal : (+91)-100, 0755-2555922